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Diseases
Overactive bladder (OAB)
Overactive bladder (OAB)     1. Introduction Overactive bladder (OAB) is a urological condition defined by a set of symptoms: "urgency, with or without urge incontinence, usually with frequency and nocturia." Frequency is usually defined as urinating more than 8 times a day. The International Continence Society (ICS) is responsible for this definition. There exists, however, some controversy over the use ...
Otitis externa
Otitis externa   1. Introduction Otitis externa (also known as "External otitis" and "Swimmer's ear") is an inflammation of the outer ear and ear canal. Along with otitis media, external otitis is one of the two human conditions commonly called "earache". It also occurs in many other species. Inflammation of the skin of the ear canal is the essence of this disorder. The inflammation can be secondary to dermat...
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH)
1. Introduction Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) also known as benign enlargement of the prostate (BEP), refers to the increase in size of the prostate.   [Fig.1] Normal prostate (left) and benign prostatic hyperplasia (right).   To be accurate, the process is one of hyperplasia rather than hypertrophy, but the nomenclature is often interchangeable, even amongst urologists. It is characterized by hyperplasia ...
Andropause
Andropause   1.Introduction Andropause or male menopause is a name that has been given to a menopause-like condition in aging men. This relates to the slow but steady reduction of the production of the hormones testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone in middle-aged men, and the consequences of that reduction, which is associated with a decrease in Leydig cells.   Some researchers prefer the term "androgen de...







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